Cosmogenic dating of puma punku age
Right A stone gateway from the Akapana pyramid shows the same modular feature. Such a discovery flies directly in the face of all our concepts of the construction skills of the ancients. Puma Punku is a single part of the greater Tiahuanaco complex. The Puma Punku temple offers one of the best examples of masonry skills in the whole of the pre-Columbian Americas.
This is supposed to have been achieved by a civilization that had no writing system and was ignorant of the existence of the wheel. Photo credit Stone block with a set of blind holes of complex shape. These cramps were used to hold the blocks comprising the walls and bottom of stone-line canals that drain sunken courts.
This area might have been viewed as the centre of the Andean world, attracting pilgrims from far away to marvel in its beauty. Much of the masonry is characterized by accurately cut rectilinear blocks of such uniformity that they could be interchanged for one another while maintaining a level surface and even joints. In sharp contrast, the cramps used at the Akapana canal were fashioned by the cold hammering of copper-arsenic-nickel bronze ingots. Protzen thinks this was to hold the slabs in the proper alignment. The Inca themselves denied building the Tiahuanacan complex.
One common engineering technique involves cutting the top of the lower stone at a certain angle, and placing another stone on top of it which was cut at the same angle. Photo credit Based on circumstantial evidences, it can be argued that Puma punku was never built by the Tiwanaku, but by a civilization that was more advanced. Left Illustrating the sophisticated way in which the Puma-punka stones fit together.
Many of the joints are so precise that not even a razor blade will fit between the stones. The I-shaped architectural cramps, which are composed of a unique copper-arsenic-nickel bronze alloy were used on a section of canal found at the base of the Akapana pyramid at Tiwanaku. An example of high-precision small holes. There is no evidence of the wheel in Tiwanakan culture, and there are no trees in the area to use as rollers. They all match each other with extreme precision suggesting that the architects used a system of preferred measurements and proportions.
The side walls of the water channels in the Akapana and at Puma Punku are built with upright stone slabs held together with I-shaped clamps. In the south canal of the Puma punku, the I-shaped cramps were cast in place. We now know that the Tiwanakan culture existed independently of the Inca, and from slightly before.
Puma punku was a terraced earthen mound originally faced with megalithic blocks, each weighing several tens of tons. Extraordinary craftsmanship is displayed in the stones. Part of the Tiahuanaco Complex, Bolivia.
Perhaps the carbon dating results were wrong due to contamination of the samples, or that Puma punku was built by another civilization that came across the ocean, built the complex and left. Clamps also once pieced together the enormous sandstone slabs used in the construction of the four platforms at Puma Punku.
Not even a razor blade can slide between the rocks. Photo credit More drill holes in what was once a lintel, with extraordinary detail that is just still visible. This terrace is paved with multiple enormous stone blocks. The Inca origin myth records neary Lake Titicaca as the origin point of humanity.
The technical finesse and precision displayed in these stone blocks is astounding. They record that Viracocha began his journey from this place, until following much wandering, Cuzco became chosen as the birthplace of the Inca nation. Due to their size, the method by which they were transported to Puma punku has been another topic of interest since the temple's discovery.
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